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Dec 2

Written by: Jayanthi
Wednesday, December 02, 2009

Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

Originally published under my  maiden name (Jennifer Polan) on about.com

“Even at the risk of your own self, refrain from acts that cause the harmless, pain of their lives.” ~ The Tirukkural (327)

For many Hindus, vegetarianism is more than a way of life, it is a tradition. Vegetarianism can also be realized as a daily ‘sadhana,’ or spiritual practice, for a vegetarian lifestyle becomes a practice of ‘ahimsa’ or non-violence in thought, speech and action.

Vegetarianism Not a Must for Hindus
Though vegetarianism is associated with Hinduism, it is not true that even a majority of Hindus are vegetarian, nor is it a condition of Hinduism to be a vegetarian. In fact, it is stated in the “Manusmriti” (5:56), “There is no sin in eating meat… but abstention brings great rewards.” So, one cannot state, “I am a vegetarian because I am a Hindu.” Stating this may also imply that all Hindus are vegetarian, which is not true.

In this case, why are some Hindus vegetarian and some are not? It is believed that before India was invaded by outsiders (Vedic era) the majority of Indians were not meat eaters. Influences of outsiders (i.e., Aryans and Muslim invaders) came to change that. It was also common practice for the ‘Kshatriya’ caste (warriors) to eat meat as it gave more strength and set the mind up ‘more’ for fighting. This may seem odd, after all how can eating meat make one feel ‘more’ predisposed to violence (i.e., anger, aggression, fighting moods, etc.). This stems from the philosophy of ‘himsa’ or violence.

Is Meat-Eating Violence?
By partaking in eating meat, especially in the old days before prepackaged, supermarket foods, and fast food, one had to think of where to find the animal, how to kill it, how to prepare it for consumption, and then how to cook, eat and preserve it. Hence, the whole process of eating animals was ‘himsa,’ because one had to think of all this, possibly speak of it (planning the killing, etc.) and act on it by killing, preparing and eating the animal. In Indian history, we have the seminal example King Ashoka (circa 273-232 BC), who - from being a ruthless warrior - not only became a Buddhist, but also promoted ahisma and vegetarianism in his later life.

A Thought for Food and Food For Thought

Vedic Thoughts on Food, Nutrition and Health submitted by Sudarshan K Madabushi

  Introduction

  The Three Commandments

  Anna Shuddhi

  Sattvic Food

  Rajasic Food

  Tamasic Food

  Anna Shuddhi and

     Atma Shuddhi

When we eat the flesh of a dead animal, we not only partake in ‘himsa’ in our own spirit, but we can also become affected by the spirit of the dead animal. In order to have been eaten the animal had to die. In dying, it felt pain, it struggled, cried, tried to continue living as long as possible. Since it was slaughtered, it died in fright, pain, mental and emotional anguish and struggle. Then it has to be skinned, gutted, processed and packaged to end up on a plate, decorated and consumed in human pleasure. In human pleasure, one does not think of the pain of the once living animals on the plate. Hence partaking in eating meat, one is not just ingesting and digesting protein and nutrients, but the feelings of violence which erupted in the animal from its unnatural death.

The “Mahabharata” states: "The purchaser of flesh performs himsa by his wealth; he who eats flesh does so by enjoying its taste; the killer does himsa by actually tying and killing the animal. Thus, there are three forms of killing. He who brings flesh or sends for it, he who cuts of the limbs of an animal, and he who purchases, sells, or cooks flesh and eats it-all of these are to be considered meat-eaters." (“Mahabharata,” 115:40)

Similarly, vegetarianism and ahimsa can be realized through the old adage “treat others as you would like to be treated.” Swami Dayananda, in his “The Value of Values” connects this to ahimsa and vegetarianism by stating that we should not think of ‘somebody’ being our dinner if we do not want to be ‘somebody’ else’s dinner.’

Further, the “Mahabharata” (18.113.8) says: “One should never do that to another which one regards as injurious to one's own self. This, in brief, is the rule of dharma. Yielding to desire and acting differently, one becomes guilty of adharma.”

Some of the spiritual reasons, we’ve discussed here may have stemmed from the practical reasons people refrained from eating meat initially. Modern meat-eating Hindus will usually not eat beef or pork (which is rapidly changing), but eat all other kinds of meat.

What Good is Meat for You?
Many know the reason that the cow is not eaten is because it is considered ‘holy’. But what about pork? Pork, coming from the pig, was considered unhygienic to eat because pigs are ‘dirty animals’. It was thought that by eating pig flesh, people could contract the diseases of the pig. This may seem far-fetched, but if we look at modern society, many diseases are transmitted to humans from the dead animals they eat.

Some sicknesses come from under cooking the meat or not preparing it properly before cooking it. However, some sicknesses stem from the ways in which humans selfishly try to increase meat production by unnatural methods. Most common of these is the ‘mad cow’ disease, which resulted from people mixing cow fodder with pieces of dead animals to ‘fatten the cows’ quickly.

God created many vegetarian animals, one being the cow, and so this would naturally disturb the god-given balance of the cow and then also affect all members forthcoming in the food chain.

Humans, unlike other animals that work on instinct alone, have the god-given ability to make conscious choices about the food they enjoy, ingest and digest. This food, in turn helps to fuel our bodies and keep us in good health emotionally, mentally and physically. Food that robs us of energy, such as heavy products that are hard on digestion, like meat, weigh us down emotionally, mentally and physically, even if we do not realize this immediately.

These are the major reasons, all related to ‘ahimsa,’ why Hindus naturally take to vegetarianism as a daily ‘sadhana’, and abstain from eating flesh.

Sources:
Swami Dayananda, “The Value of Values,” Arsha Vidya Gurukulam, Saylorsburg, PA, 2993, pp. 31-34.
Swami Tejomayananda, “Hindu Culture: An Introduction,” Chinmaya Publications, Piercy, CA, 1994, pp. 100-103.
Gopi Nath Aggarwal, “Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian: Choose Yourself,” Books for All, Delhi, India, 1998, 27-33.
Shri J. Narayanaswamy, “Thirukkural in English”

More books to browse on Indian Vegetarian Cooking, Indian Culture, Culture Shock, Cultural Adjustment, Interfaith cultures and more!
 

Notes:
I have continued to be a vegetarian since 1997 after being dared to live a year without meat. I have gone through stages of eating or not eating eggs depending on my moods. Sometimes I refuse to eat eggs because of the smell associated with cooking it, other times, when I realize what I am eating (an unborn fetus), I refuse to eat it. Since writing this article back in early 2000, I realize that being a vegetarian is also not completely living a life of ahisma. The process of eating living/growing vegetables is also, in it's own way, murdering something living for my own benefit. I also realize by eating/drinking dairy products like milk, yogurt, cheese and others unless it is 100% organic, the cow products sold in US are not 100% vegetarian (cows being fed unnatural substances such as growth hormones and parts of other dead animals to fatten them), so I am participating in the circle of something that is unnatural. When possible, I try to buy 100% organic milk products. It is noted that because dairy production under "normal, factory" situations promotes carnivorism on some levels and force feeding meat to god's vegetarian creatures, that milk and other dairy products used in Hindu temples in US is now becoming a topic of discussion in some circles. After all, the products used in puja should be 100% pure and vegetarian and not promote carnivorism or unnatural habits. Some communities have begun this discussion, which I find impressive.

 

Related Posts/Articles

  • Vegetarian Journal (1) - Why I am a Vegetarian by Jennifer Kumar
  • Vegetarian Journals (2)- My Journey into Vegetarianism Sreenivasa Murthy – November 2003 ***PDF File***
  • Vegetarian Journals (3)- Being A Vegetarian, An alternative view on vegetarianism - Kishore- January 2004
  • One Part Affects the Whole – Thoughts on the Current Beef Recall
  • Cow Burps Contribute to Global Warming


  • Thank you for reading and spending time on Alaivani.com.

     

     

    Copyright ©2009 Jennifer Jayanthi Kumar

    Tags:

    41 comments so far...

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Regarding your comments on Aryan outsiders, I wish to direct you to Wiki
    The so-called Aryan Y-DNA paternal marker is R1A
    The Indian version of R1A found heavily among Brahmins and Upper castes is M17
    and is dated to 15000 years ago
    The European version of R1A , found heavily among the Slavs of Eastern Europe is M458
    and is dated to 12000 years ago
    There is no trace of M458 in India, whereas DNA has found that M458 is descended from M17
    and among European languages, Lithuanian is the closest to Sanskrit

    The Kshatriya caste is allowed to eat meat, since it meant getting used to bloodshed

    The Buddhist Jataka tales specifically labeled meat eaters and killers of animals and hunters as sinners
    and in Buddhist countries, they often outsource killing of animals to outcaste groups like Burakumin in Japan

    Several Buddhist Kings and Jain kings banned animal killing, all this filtered into Hinduism
    At the time of the Buddha, Brahmins were beheading thousands of goats in fire ceremonies
    whereas today, only backward caste Kali temples do animal sacrifice
    The Buddha preached against animal killing and when the Buddha got made a Hindu avatar,
    a lot of his teachings were also incorporated

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Wednesday, December 02, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Ramesh thank you for sharing that. The last part is particularly interesting to me, about changing of traditions over the years. I wonder what changed it... Anyone have any thoughts on that?

    By admin on   Wednesday, December 02, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Buddhism preaches animals have souls

    Jainism preaches Insects and Plants also have souls and humans could get re-incarnated into low levels
    Jains dont eat root plants wherein you have to kill the plant such as potatos
    Whereas a Jain could eat a fruit such as coconut, where the tree is not killed

    Brahmanism is only part of the total religious sects in India

    In the Buddhist Jataka tales, Brahmins who behead goats in fire yagnas are condemned

    Jains and Buddhists got the ear of Kings and Merchants and Brahmins had to compete
    and so they also took up Vegetarianism

    In contemperory yagnas, goats are replaced by rice flour mini-mountains
    and you sacriifce the rice mini-mountain instead of a goat

    The Mahabharata is also a much revised document
    The first version was called Jaya, the second version was called Vijaya and the Third version
    is the Mahabharata

    Lots of things got added on as needed

    The Bhagvat Gita is a later period add-on to refute Buddhism
    The Gita focused on doing your duty even if unpleasant
    whereas the Buddha on his way to nirvana is tempted by the devil Mara,
    who poses on why the Buddha is abandoning his dharma of being a king

    Much of the vegetarian texts of the Mahabharata are added on to the words
    of Bhishma as he lay dying for months and is a later add-on

    In Hinduism cutting green trees is not a good act
    So to some extent even wantonly destroying plant life is not accepted

    So ultimately once you accept that all living things have a soul,
    you have to minimize your eco-foot print as much as possible

    The loophole in Hinduism is that people like Kshatriya warriors
    need to be mentally immune to bloodshed and cruelty and so they are allowed to hunt and eat meat

    Untouchability started only around 400 AD, and was due to Buddhists outcasting
    killers of animals. This is well documented by Chinese Buddhist Pilgrims

    Jainism was once very popular in South India

    To compete with Jainism and Buddhism, Brahmins started to modify Hinduism
    a lot of Buddhist and Jain doctrines were incorporated into Hinduism


    Elephants were used in the army and so killing Elephants was a capital offense


    The Brahmin - Aryan Y-DNA marker R1A is also associated with Lactose tolerance for adults
    In Indo-European for the English 'daughter', the Sanskrit equiv is 'Duhitar'
    Duhitar in Sanskrit also means milk-maid

    Eating and drinking dairy products is 4 times more efficient than eating beef
    and hence killing milking cows was banned

    The holy cow has a different history
    In Indian agriculture, the cow has the same function as a horse in western countries
    and horse meat is abhorred in the USA
    Cow dung is the main cooking fuel in rural India, so even old cows and oxen are useful
    and Indian cows dont need corn or wheat, just grass or hay or surplus vegetables

    Given widespread illiteracy in olden times
    it was easier to mark certain animals and plants as holy for sound
    economic or ecological reasons


    Because so little meat is eaten in India, the huge Indian population does not cause much
    global warming

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Thursday, December 03, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Oops,
    I forgot to add, Thirukural was Jain document, and has a vested
    interest in Vegetarianism
    But like so many other things, Hindu doctrine has absorbed this too

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Thursday, December 03, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Ramesh Thank you for taking the time to share all this here. Much appreciated.

    "In contemperory yagnas, goats are replaced by rice flour mini-mountains
    and you sacriifce the rice mini-mountain instead of a goat"

    I have participated in Pujas using this rice-flour mound. Very interesting how things evolve.

    Thirukkural is a Jain document? Even more curious. Was Thiruvalluvar a Jain?

    It's really interesting to note how Hinduism changed and became more 'strict' due to influence from Jains and Buddhists who are now-a-days considered more strict than Hindus over all- and in fact subsects of Hinduism. Interesting what they conveniently leave out of books on the history of Hinduism, not only written by Americans, but Indian authors in India too. Is there a taboo against admitting these things?

    By admin on   Thursday, December 03, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    I don't think that there is any taboo in admiting. In fact Hindus were very proud of assimilating various good ideas. But it is not correct to credit the ideas of ahimsa to Buddhists/Jains. The Rig Vedic sages expressed unease about horse sacrifices and hoped that the horse is not really killed but just pacified ("shanthi") and they further prayed that the horse that was sacrificed was made whole in the other world. Since that time this unease about violence to animals was further developed in the Brahmanas and the Upanishads. So there was a lot of intellectual churning happening at that period 400BCE - 200BCE. And Buddhists and Jains contributed their ideas as well. The Buddha did not explicitly banned eating meat and to this day even Buddhist monks, nuns and the dalai lama eat meat. The Jains articulated complete abstinence from meat eating. Their monks carry a peacock broom to wipe the path in front of them while walking so that they may not kill any minute organisms. Of course, this became impractical for commoners. The approach suggested by Hinduism was following one's own dharma/guna. The sattvic people ("brahmins") will abstain totally since their passion is intellectual pursuit. The rajasic people ("Kshatriyas") will eat meat since their duty is to defend and rule. The kshatriyas are further not allowed to hunt for fun as it is considered a vice. The other folks are allowed to eat meat as well.

    By anand on   Thursday, December 03, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Thank you for sharing that alternative view point, Anand.
    Very interesting to learn different thoughts/viewpoints. Opens my mind.

    On a similar topic- anyone know if vegetarians in India eat items with yeast or cook with yeast? Is yeast considered vegetarian? I know things that get fermented like dosa/idli have no yeast.

    By admin on   Thursday, December 03, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Thiruvalluvar was a Jain

    The daily lives of Hindus are / were governed by Smritis
    These include Manusmriti or the smriti of Yajnavalkya
    These were periodically updated every few hundred years
    and they would have a paragraph which said 'The following practises in the scriptures are not allowed from now on "
    Hinduism is a constantly evolving with times religion, just because something happened in
    the scriptures 5000 years ago, is no reason to automatically do it if it is abhorrent today



    The Greek mathematician Pythagoras, visited India and on his return to Greece, started a new religion called
    Pythagoreanism which had as its tenets Vegetarianism and Transmigration of souls

    The muslim invasions wiped out Buddhism and a lot of the Indian history has gaps

    The initial version of Buddhism - Theravada, has Pali ( Hindi of 2500 years ago ) as its scriptural language
    The next version Mahayana, has Sanskrit as its sacred language and added on dozens of Hindu gods
    and Hinduism also took on Buddhist tenets as ban on animal sacrifice and added the Buddha as an avatar and they both gradually merged

    Regarding yeast
    As a practical matter, there is yeast, there is bacteria everywhere and it is impossible to be a pure vegetarian
    What most Brahmins do is to stop at the animal kingdom
    Yeast is OK, Mushrooms are Ok,
    Insects and worms are not OK
    The borderline is eggs, many eat eggs as it does not directly involve killing

    Many castes become vegetarians to raise their status, this process is called Sanskritization
    About 95% of vegetarian castes are upper castes
    While military castes are upper caste non-vegetarian, of the rest, 75% of non-vegetarian castes are lower castes
    and many people wanting to politely check caste of a stranger, simply ask about his diet

    Bengali Brahmins are allowed to eat fish and are considered lower caste by mainstream Brahmins, who will not marry them

    Among Nairs, since they are a soldier caste, they are allowed to eat meat, but many religious Nairs are
    vegetarian by choice
    Similarly Amritdhari Sikhs ( religious sikhs ) are vegetarian and the Namdhari sect of Sikhs is vegetarian

    The Nairs used to have a matrilineal system and had a series of temperory husbands
    For over a 1000 years, many of these temperory husbands were Kerala Nambudiri Brahmins,
    with the result Nairs look identical to Kerala Brahmins

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    The mahabharata has conflicting information on meat eating

    Bhishma advised against it
    However the hero Bhima ate deer and goats
    The King Nala was an expert cook of meat dishes

    If you look at paintings of Hindu Rishis,
    you will find that they sit on tiger skin or deer skin
    and unlikely these animals died naturally

    The rishi Agastya ( Indo-European Augustus ) ate goats

    Many Jains run free animal hospitals and it is recorded by the British soldiers
    that they offered to pay the British soldiers money to stop shooting wild birds

    Many Hindus and Sikhs also run Goshalas or cow shelters for old cows
    In America, many people run horse shelters

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Ramesh, I really appreciate you spending time to type and share all that information.

    I am particularly interested in the comparison of cows and horses. Until you bought it out, I never thought of it. Of course no one in America would say 'holy horse' as people say 'holy cow' in India, but it is true horses in American culture do have an exhaulted status and I have yet to hear people eat horse.

    I have seen those images of sages/rishis sitting on skins. I guess it's true - they couldn't be killed naturally to have such beautiful, unmarred skin. If it was killed by other animals the skin would not be so flawless. So would sages/rishis who sit on such skins kill the animals or have someone do it? It's also interesting to note that 'pure vegetarians' in US try to avoid all animal products even leather, etc. But in India it's not always true- it's more based on diet (though it's changing among some). So, in India the ladies who carry leather purses- where does that leather come from? And people are well known for wearing silk saris which many vegetarians in US are against silk. Again I know some Indians who refuse to wear silk.

    The third point that is most intriguing is your observation on people asking each other their diets to assess caste. This is a unique cultural note. It is kind of like learning an Indian language and rather than ask 'nalla irrikiya' (how are you in Tamil), many instead ask 'sappitteyaa?' (have you eaten) as a greeting. This is not taught in books, but insiders to the culture know it.

    Why is it only upper castes are vegetarian? I know lower caste that become vegetarians and they are of course not doing as a family and the individual is scoffed at.

    Another is the use of curds in Tamil Nadu. Among my friends who weren't Brahmins they rarely ate curd rice- it was a special dish on special occasions, and when I told them the friends houses I stayed at had curd rice daily they said to me, "Daily curd rice eaters are Brahmins.'

    (I also personally feel uncomfortable using the terms 'upper and lower caste' but don't know other ways to say it.

    By admin on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    There are a lot of grey areas

    Hindus wear silk sarees and silk is made by killing millions of moths
    Food grains are grown in farms where pesticide is used

    People wear leather shoes
    80% of Indian leather traders are Hindus

    People do kill cockroaches and termites

    In my house, non-lethal mouse traps were used and the trapped mice released a mile away
    whereas in other brahmin households, the mice were killed

    Almost no Indian is a vegan and are lacto-vegetarians and the way dairy
    farming is practised needs a lot of improvement

    In practise, Ahimsa is limited to vertebrates - mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Per my understanding,
    Higher levels of caste are awarded to groups who adhere more closely
    to the rules
    These rules include Diet, Alcohol, Free sex etc

    By becoming vegetarian, a lower caste becomes upper caste
    since it is now more closely adhering to the rules
    This process is called Sanskritisation ( brahminisation )
    Usually it is a 2 step process
    By giving up beef a caste moves from Untouchable to
    Touchable lower caste
    And by becoming vegetarian it moves from lower caste to upper caste

    Of course there is always the exemption for military castes


    In India, in Hindu kingdoms, Cow kiling was banned and most cattle
    died a natural death. Even today about 30% of cattle die a natural death
    in cow shelters
    The cattle disposal was done by untouchable castes
    They would be in the leather trade and use the skin
    Historically using leather was Ok as shoes, since most of the leather came from natural causes
    Unlike today

    Brahmin food uses a lot less masala
    and curd rice is the main part of brahmin diet and rarely eaten by non-brahmins
    I dont know why

    Religious individuals in lower castes are vegetarians,
    but many others in the caste dont want to give up chicken, mutton and fish

    Many low caste people who have become vegetarians have become
    famous gurus with a huge upper caste following
    such as Mata Amritanandamayi of kerala

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Regarding books

    Most books are written by people who have an agenda

    such as British colonialists, Christian misisonaries and Communists
    who would like to paint Hinduism in adverse manner

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Hinduism also has a concept called Apa-Dharma
    meaning all rules can be broken in an emergency

    In famines it is OK to eat dogs
    It would be unrealistic to expect Eskimos to be vegetarians

    In 1947, partition riots, millions of Hindus in Pakistan were forcibly fed beef
    to try to make them convert to islam
    but they simply went to India and stayed Hindu, since the beef-eating
    was involuntary

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Rishis on skins do make me feel uncomfortable and most people dont let their minds dwell on that
    Brahmin carnatic music drummers do drum on cow skin

    In olden times, water bags were made of leather

    Initially there was a vedic human sacrifce, google up 'Shunahshepa'
    humans got replaced by goats and goats by rice mounds

    Even goat sacrifice makes current Brahmins sick

    so it is an evolving process


    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 04, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Among vegetarian households, there is a concept called
    'Purity of the Kitchen',
    and non-vegetarians are not allowed into the kitchen
    for fear of ritual pollution

    This is often the main reason behind opposition to inter-caste marrriages

    However, in extremis, Tamil Brahmins will prefer a non-brahmin vegetarian bride
    to a fish eating Bengalii Brahmin bride

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Tuesday, December 08, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Vedic Hinduism is extremely pro-Nature, unlike Abrahamic religions, where Yahweh
    asks man to fully exploit nature
    But actual vegetarianism is hard to find until Jainism and Buddhism circa 500 BC

    Thanks to Jainism and Buddhism, the goat beheading brahmins of 500 BC, had become fully vegetarian by 500 AD

    http://www.hindu-blog.com/2008/04/hinduism-and-nature-today-is-earth-day.html

    * One should not destroy the trees. (Rig Veda Samhita vi-48-17)
    * Plants are mothers and Goddesses. (Rig Veda Samhita x-97-4)
    * Trees are homes and mansions. (Rig Veda Samhita x-97-5)
    * Sacred grass has to be protected from man's exploitation (Rig Veda Samhita vii-75-8)
    * Plants and waters are treasures for generations. (Rig Veda Samhita vii-70-4)

    * Earth, atmosphere, sky, sun, moon, stars, waters, plants, trees, moving creatures, swimming creatures, creeping creatures all are hailed and offered oblations. (Taittiriya Samhita i-8-13)

    * One should protect the habitation. (Rig Veda Samhita vi-71-3)
    * Waters as friends of man give full protection to his progenies. (Rig Veda Samhita vi-50-7)

    * One shall take care of quadrupeds. (Taittiriya Samhita iv-4-10)
    * One shall be auspicious to animals. (Taittiriya Samhita ii-3-14)

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Tuesday, December 08, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Thiruvalluvar himself became a vegetarian who was originally an untouchable

    Thiru means respected
    Valluvar means he is from Valluvan caste,
    which is the priestly caste for the Untouchables

    The valluvans are said to be the result of a brahmin rishi mating with an untouchable woman

    Valluvans are vegetarians for 4 months of the year and the rest of the year
    they eat mutton, fish and chicken
    They dont eat beef

    They run their own temples where they sacrifice goats

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Tuesday, December 08, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    The story oif Dharma Vyaddha in the Mahabharata
    ( This type of story will not be found in Buddhism or Jainism )

    The Vyadha Gita (meaning, teachings of a butcher) is a part of the epic Mahabharata and consists of the teachings imparted by a vyadha (Butcher) to a brahmin sannyasin (monk). It occurs in the Vana Parva section of Mahabharata and is told to Yudhisthira, a Pandava by sage Markandeya.[1] In the story, an arrogant sannyasin is humbled by a Vyadha, and learns about dharma (righteousness). The vyadha teaches that "no duty is ugly, no duty is impure" and it is only the way in which the work is done, determines its worth.

    The surprised sannyasin asks the vyadha as to how he could became illumined by doing a "filthy, ugly work". The vyadha says that his past karma placed him in these circumstances. The vyadha further advises, "no duty is ugly, no duty is impure"[12] and it is only the way in which the work is done, determines its worth.[13] The vyadha advises that all work must be done by "dedicating to God"[13] and by sincere and unattached performance of the alloted duty one can become illumined.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Thursday, December 10, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Dharma Vyaddha continued

    When the Brahman expresses surprise that one so advanced in spirituality should follow so brutal and disgusting an occupation, the butcher points out that absolute abstention from taking life, knowingly or unwittingly, is impossible, as all life lives upon other life. Even ascetics who make a vow of ahimsa cannot completely eschew himsa, all that they can do is to limit it to the barest limits possible.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Thursday, December 10, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    I appreciate your time and enthusiasm to share your knowledge, Ramesh. I am sure it will enrich others who come to read this page.

    By admin on   Thursday, December 10, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    The story of Raja Shibi

    This story appears in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Buddhist Jataka tales
    Buddhist monasteries even as far as China have this episode as paintings on the walls

    One day, Indra and Agni decide to test Shibi

    As Shibi is doing his vedic sacrifice, a pigeon flies to his lap seeking protection
    And Shibi agrees
    Next minute an eagle flies in after the pigeon and demands that Shibi hands over the pigeon
    Shibi refuses saying that the pigeon is under his protection

    The eagle says that he and his chicks also have to eat
    and demands meat equal to the weight of the pigeon

    A weighing scale is brought in with the pigeon on one side
    on the other side, Shibis servants offer to put in a goat

    Shibi refuses the goat, saying the life of the goat is as valuable as the pigeon
    Shibi then slices off meat from his own body,
    but the pigeons weight keeps on increasing

    Finally Shibi jumps on the scale himself at which point the gods reveal themselves and
    reward Shibi

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 11, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice


    "How can the drunkard be truthful or the flesh-eater compassionate?" runs a Sanskrit verse which appears in the anthologies. It reveals a climate of opinion, continental in its provenance, which links up vegetarianism with a superior ethic. Its emergence can be traced back to the mediaeval ages, if not earlier.

    Fa-hsien (7th century A.D., Chinese buddhist pilgrim) reported that "no respectable person ate meat, the consumption of which was confined to the lower classes." This ethical attitude was the result of a long evolution

    In some Hindu and Jain texts, preventing the killing of animals is considered better than telling the truth

    The Thirukural has a chapter on honesty
    In one of its verses, it says that lying is Ok if done for a good cause
    In its commentaries, the example given is deliberately lying to a hunter about the location of an animal

    In the Hindu context, there is the story of Satya vrata, a Rishi who only spoke the truth

    ( The story of Satya-Vrata in the Devi Bhagavafa (Third Skanda) )

    One day, he sees a wild boar bleeding from an arrow shot by a hunter and feels compassion for the animal
    The hunter soon arrives and demands to know where the animal went and the Rishii deliberately gives a wrong answer

    --

    A hindu vegetarian farmer caste or artisan caste is considered Vaishya, and eligible for sacred thread ( poonal )
    whereas a mutton-chicken-fish eating farmer or artisan caste is considered Shudra
    ( low caste touchable ) and not eligible for sacred thread

    --


    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 11, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Historically the Ashvamedha yagam involved a horse sacrifice
    These days a modified vegetarian version is done

    October 2005
    By Syed Akbar
    Hyderabad, Oct 20: Come December 11 and Hyderabad will witness the revival of a rare Vedic ritual that was practised by saints and kings thousands of years ago.
    City-based Aananda Aashramam will organise the "Ashwamedha Yagam", a quite popular Vedic ritual in ancient India but gradually lost patronage about 2000 years ago. Being performed for the first time in modern India, Ashwamedha Yagam is aimed at achieving world peace,

    "It is once in a life time opportunity. Ashwamedha Yagam is of two types - Snarta Ashwamedha Yagam and Srouta Ashwamedha Yagam. Kings who performed Srouta Ashwamedha Yagam used to sacrifice a horse at the end of it. The Snarta Ashwamedha Yagam was performed by saints and divine personalities without involving animal sacrifice. We are going to observe the Snarta variety in Hyderabad, reviving the tradition that had become extinct long ago," says organiser (Yaga Kartha) Dr PV Sesha Sai.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 11, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Tamil brahmins at Kut

    Several Tamil Brahmins were members of the British Indian Army medical staff
    ear;y 20th century

    Then WW1 broke out, and a British Indian army was sent to invade Iraq,
    then ruled by the Turks

    This expeditionary force was besieged at the town of Kut in Iraq
    and the siege lasted for months
    These former vegetarians ate cows, donkeys, horses, dogs and cats to avoid
    starvation

    Then the British finally surrendered and these Tamil brahmins with the rest of POWs
    were sent to filthy POW camps where they had to eat meat mixed meals

    After WW1 ended, they returned home and had to perform a purification ceremony
    before being re-admitted into their homes

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 11, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    The rishi Agastya was a noted goat eater
    But in the Smritis, it is written that meat eating is no longer allowed for brahmins

    Agastya is said to have "dedicated" all the forest animals to the deity Rudra hence making them fit for eating if killed while hunting

    Vathapi legend

    Another story has it that two demon brothers, Ilvala and Vathapi, used to kill people who were passing by the forest in a special manner. Vathapi was good at changing to other life forms and the other, Ilvala knew the supernatural slogan Sanjivani mantra which, when invoked can bring back a dead person to life. They hatched a plan against Agastya that Vathapi would turn into a goat and be killed and fed to Agastya. After Agastya had eaten the meat, Ilvala would invoke the Sanjivani mantra to bring back his brother Vathapi to life, who in turn would rend Agastya's stomach and come out thereby killing him. By the plan, one changed into a goat and the other disguised himself as a Brahmachari who invited Agastya to a meal. Agastya knew beforehand about the plan due to his immense Vedic powers, but he resolved to teach both a lesson. After the meal, Agastya simply rubbed his stomach saying Vathapi JeerNo bhava; literally may Vathapi be digested, while the other demon tried to bring his brother to life in vain. Agastya plainly informed the demon that his brother has been digested and could no longer be brought back to life.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 11, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    The greening of the Rajasthan deserts

    About 500 years ago, there was a severe drought and famine in Rajasthan in which millions of people
    died
    The local holy man, Jambuji, noticed that first the plants died, next the animals died and then the people died
    and eating animals put more stress on the environment

    He ordered his followers to follow 29 rules, hence the name Bisnoi ( means 29 in Rajasthan )
    Among the rules were to be vegetarian, to plant trees on the desert, to create sanctuaries for wild life
    To stop poachers, not to cut down green trees and only use wood from dead trees

    The net effect is that wherever the bisnois abound, the desert has been rolled back
    In the bisnoi areas, you can see semi-tame deer in their temples where they are fed as a holy act

    Their lifestyle has helped the bisnois become a very prosperous community

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    In Hindu tradition, killing animals is considered an unavoidable evil,

    and it is considered mandatory to give the animal a quick death

    In Hindu / sikh texts it is forbidden to eat halal / kosher meat
    where the animal dies a slow death

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    About 250 years ago, the Patel caste in Gujurat were mutton eating Shudra caste

    They then decided to raise their caste level

    They then decided to follow Swami Narayan sect which preached vegetarian diet
    and now the Patels are Vaishya caste

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    http://ecocean.org/forum/index.php?topic=120.0;wap2

    Spiritual guru’s word saves hundreds of whale shark in Gujarat

    (1/1)

    Steve Fox:
    From http://www.indianexpress.com/story/21555.html

    VERAVAL, JANUARY 22: For a fisherman, nothing is perhaps more painful than to let go of a big catch with his own hands, especially if it happens to be a 30-ft whale shark that would fetch at least Rs 80,000.

    But that’s exactly what fishermen of Saurashtra are doing — often cutting their expensive nets and releasing the whale shark they once butchered by the hundreds as the gentle giants came to breed in the warm waters of the Arabian Sea.

    On the face of it, behind this change of heart is a ban on hunting whale sharks. But the fishermen couldn’t have cared less for the law if not for one man’s word of faith, Morari Bapu’s.

    One day in 2003, the guru ventured into the sea off Dwarka and blessed a whale shark entangled in a net and said he wished the creature was left alone. The killings stopped almost immediately.

    This was two years after the Central government ban on killing whale shark in 2001, and the forest department was struggling to implement it. Every year, at least 250 whale sharks were killed along the Saurashtra coast.

    But Morari Bapu, famous for his Ram kathas, knew that in spite of a large following among the fishing communities even his word was not enough. He decided to combine his preaching with the strict laws for whale shark protection to convince the fishermen against hunting.

    “Whale sharks come to Saurashtra coast to give birth and end up getting brutally killed. I reasoned with the fishermen by comparing the whale shark with a daughter who comes home to give birth. Instead of death we should give them respect,’’ the soft-spoken guru told The Indian Express.

    The whale shark, protected and classified as a vulnerable species world wide, migrates from as far as the waters of Australia and Mexico to give birth in the warmth of the Arabian Sea along the Saurashtra coast. They are often found just 1-2 km off the fishing ports of Veraval, Dwarka, Diu, Mangrol and Porbandar.

    The rare guests were hunted in the hundreds every year by fishermen who modify their normal fishing boats, arming them with harpoons weighing 8 to 10 kg and ropes tied to half a dozen empty plastic barrels. “The worst part is they would start cutting it alive. The waters of Veraval and Bhidiya harbour used to turn red,” says K Babariya, Veraval range forest officer.

    Agents of fish processing and export firms would pay up to Rs 1 lakh for a 40-foot whale shark weighing 8 to 10 tonnes. Its fins, liver from which oil is extracted, and meat has great demand and fetch a heavy price in the international market. In the coastal fishing towns, it is said that if a fisherman netted two whale sharks in a season he could afford to sit at home the rest of the year.

    As the whale shark fetch such a huge price, I felt there was jealousy among a majority of fishermen. Some were angry too. That is when I felt I should tell them about the strict laws against killing this whale,” Morari Bapu said.

    “Till then I did not know why and under what laws the whale shark was protected. I learnt a little bit, like the maximum jail sentence if one is caught, why the whale shark is an endangered species, and started spreading awareness, he said.

    “A couple of corporate houses also approached me and I joined their efforts.” Besides the International Fund for Animal Welfare and Wildlife Trust of India, Tata Chemicals and Gujarat Heavy Chemicals have also joined the campaign to save the rare breed.

    “Morari Bapu being a respected spiritual leader, his word has provided us a positive inputs in the campaign to save the whale shark,” said Pradeep Khanna, chief conservator of forest (wildlife).

    The holy man’s words have indeed tamed greed. The powerful Kharwa community, which dint care for the laws, has also fallen in line. “We used to get good money but after the ban and with Morari Bapu appealing, most fishermen have stopped catching that fish,” said Narsinh Dholki, president of the Kharwa Association. The Kharwas worship whales, which are mammals, as an incarnation of Lord Hanuman but since the whale shark is classified as a fish they have been hunting it without religious qualms.

    Several fishermen who cut their nets that often costs up to Rs 10,000 to release trapped whale sharks have been felicitated by Morari Bapu on several occasions.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Wiki
    Origin of the Bishnois

    The sect was founded by Guru Jambheshwar (b. 1451) after a drought in the Marwar region of India. He made a community having 29 principles to follow thus Bishnoi translates as Twenty-niners. Further, the Guru directed the worship of lord Vishnu (Bishnu). Killing animals and the felling of trees was banned. One of his 29 principles states "jeev daya palni, runkh lilo nahi dhave" which means to protect trees and animals, thus trees and animals are considered to be sacred by the Bishnois.

    Bishnois are strong lovers of wild animals. It is because of their protection that in Bishnoi-dominated areas, deer and antelope (such as blue bulls, black bucks, chinkaras and chowsinghas) are seen grazing peacefully in their fields despite the fact that the State of Rajasthan where the Bishnois mainly live, faces severe water shortages.

    In recent years, the Bishnoi community has launched strong protests against the killing of black bucks by Salman Khan, a Bollywood film star and Mansur Ali Khan of Pataudi, a former Indian cricketer

    On a Tuesday (the 10th day of the month of Bhadrapad, according to the Indian lunar calendar, in 1730 AD, Amrita Devi, a Bishnoi woman was at her home with her three daughters, Asu, Ratni and Bhagu bai, when she learned that a number of people had descended on their otherwise sleepy village of Khejarli, named after "Khejri" (Prosopis cineraria) trees, found in abundance in the village. The people were a party of men sent by Maharaja Abhay Singh, the ruler of the kingdom of Jodhpur, in the Marwar region; their mission was to fell green Khejri trees to burn lime for the construction of the Maharaja's new palace and there was a lot of greenery in the Bishnoi villages even in the middle of the Thar Desert.
    [edit] The martyrdom of Amrita Devi

    Amrita Devi protested against the Maharaja's men who were attempting to cut green trees as it was prohibited according to Bishnoi principles. The malevolent feudal party told her that if she wanted the trees to be spared, she would have to give them money as a bribe. She refused to acknowledge this demand and told them that she would consider it an act of insult to her religious faith and would rather give her life to save the green trees. At that point she spoke these words:

    Sar santey rookh rahe to bhi sasto jaan
    (If a tree is saved even at the cost of one's head, it's worth it)

    Having said these words she offered her head. The axes, which were brought to cut the trees, severed her head. The three young girls Asu, Ratni and Bhagu were not daunted, and offered their heads too.
    [edit] The Khejarli Massacre

    The news spread like wildfire. The Bishnois of Khejarli gathered and sent summons to their counterparts in eighty-three Bishnoi villages in the vicinity to come and decide on the next course of action. Since the supreme sacrifice by Amrita Devi and her daughters had not satisfied the royal party, and the felling of green trees was continued, it was decided that for every green tree to be cut, one Bishnoi volunteer would sacrifice his/her life. In the beginning, old people voluntarily started holding the trees to be cut in an embrace (as in the 20th century Chipko Movement).

    Despite many valiant old persons sacrificing themselves, the Hakim (the royal party's leader), Girdhar Das Bhandari, taunted the Bishnois that they were offering unwanted old persons. Soon, young men and women (including the recently married) and children were sacrificing themselves in a similar manner.

    There was pandemonium. The tree-felling party was badly shaken. With their mission unfulfilled, they left for Jodhpur to relay these events to the Maharaja. As soon as he learned about it, he ordered the felling of trees to be stopped.

    By that time, three hundred and sixty three (363) Bishnois, young and old, men and women, married and unmarried, rich and poor had already become martyrs.
    [edit] Khejarli Massacre aftermath

    Honouring the courage of the Bishnoi community, Maharaja Abhay Singh apologised for the mistake committed by his officials and issued a royal decree, engraved on a copper plate ordering the following:

    * All cutting of green trees and hunting of animals within the revenue boundaries of Bishnoi villages was strictly prohibited.
    * It was also ordered that if by mistake any individual violated this order, he would be prosecuted by the state and a severe penalty imposed.
    * Even members of the ruling family would not shoot animals in or near Bishnoi village

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Jainism teaches to have tremendous respect for all of life. Prohibitions for hunting and meat eating are the fundamental conditions for being a Jain.

    The first Precept of Buddhism is the respect for all sentient life. The general approach by all Buddhists is to avoid killing any living animals. The Buddha explained the issue by saying "all fear death; comparing others with oneself, one should neither kill nor cause to kill".

    Indian social norms are generally antagonistic to hunting, while a few sects like the Bishnoi lay special emphasis on the conservation of particular species like the antelope. India's Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 bans the killing of all wild animals.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Prince Siddhartha's ( Buddha ) Kindness

    One day he was walking in the woods with his cousin Devadatta, who had brought his bow and arrows with him. Suddenly, Devadatta saw a swan flying and shot at it. His arrow brought the swan down. Both the boys ran to get the bird. As Siddhartha could run faster than Devadatta, he reached the swan's injured body first and found, to his surprise, that it was still alive. He gently pulled out the arrow from the wing. He then got a little juice from cool leaves, put it on the wound to stop the bleeding and with his soft hand stroked the swan, which was very frightened. When Devadatta came to claim the swan, Prince Siddhartha refused to give it to him. Devadatta was very angry to see his cousin keeping the swan away from him. "Give me my bird! I shot it down," said Devadatta.

    "No, I am not going to give it to you," said the Prince. "If you had killed it, it would have been yours. But now, since it is only wounded but still alive, it belongs to me."

    Devadatta still did not agree. Then Siddhartha suggested, "Let us go to the court of the Sage and ask him who really owns the swan." Devadatta agreed, so off they went to the court of the Sage to tell him about their quarrel.

    The Sage, hearing both boys' version of the story, said, "A life certainly must belong to he who tries to save it, a life cannot belong to one who is only trying to destroy it. The wounded swan by right belongs to Siddhartha."

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Sunday, December 13, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    The story of Muruga and the cat

    One day, Muruga takes an iron nail and scratches the face of a stray cat

    When he returns home, he sees the scratch on the face of Parvathi, his mother

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 18, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Buddhist Jataka Tales

    The Laughing and Crying Sheep

    In those days, there was a brahman master. He ordered his students to catch and kill a sheep for feasting brahmins and donate on behalf of passed away relatives.

    After being catched, a sheep laughed and cried. The students asked the sheep “Why did you laughed and cried ?”

    The sheep replied “Do you really want to know ? If you want to know, bring me to see your master.”

    With curiousity, the students brought the sheep to see their master. The master asked the sheep “Why did you laughed and cried ?”

    The sheep replied “In those days, I’ve been a brahman master like you. I killed a sheep and donate on behalf of died relatives. After that, I’ve been beheaded for five hundred lifes. I laughed because my sin will be paid off today. I cried because I take a pity on you that you will receive punishment like me.”

    Being scared, the brahman master said that “Mr. sheep, Don’t be scared, I will never kill you.”

    “Whether you kill me or not, I will die today.” The sheep said.

    The brahman master consoled the sheep, “Don’t worry, I’ll protect you from everyone. No one can hurt you.” and then free the sheep.

    The brahman master, along with his students, followed the sheep to protect it from being hurt. Minutes later, the sheep raised it’s head up to eat a leaf which is stick to a wall. Suddenly, a thunderbolt stoke the sheep at it’s neck and the sheep was beheaded.

    A tree god appeared and said “If you know that birth is a cause of suffering, you shouldn’t kill anyone; because killing suffers others, and you will be punished forever.”

    The tree god finally reincarnated as the Buddha.

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Friday, December 18, 2009

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Jains pay religious beggars who allow bed bugs to suck their blood
    Brahmins will kill bedbugs and termites and cockroaches and flies and mosquitos and other pests
    happily

    Animal sacrifice still happens in Shakti temples
    1500 years ago, at the Kanchi Kamakshi temple, animal sacrifices were taking place
    and the Shankaracharya prayed to the devi to reduce her fierceness and animal sacrifices were stopped

    In the Sati myth, the body of sati is cut up into pieces and each piece falls at a different Shakti site
    At Hinglaj in Baluchistan the toe, At Dacca in Bangladesh the eye and at
    Kamakhya in Assam, the vagina
    Kamakhya is actually a narrow cave between 2 hills and filled with shrubs

    At all the shakti sites, animal sacrifce still happens

    On youtube, they show goats beheaded at kamakhya
    I have never seen an animal sacrifice before
    The head is severed in half a second like a guillotine
    And it is much more humane than Halal or Kosher

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Tuesday, February 09, 2010

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Regarding Brahmins and curd rice

    Here is my explanation
    It has to do with lactose tolerance for adults

    It has been noticed that the Paternal Y-DNA marker, R
    is associated with Adults being able to eat milk products

    For Brahmins and upper castes, about 50% carry the R marker
    ( R1A and R2 ),
    East Europeans about 50% carry R1A and west Europeans about 50% have R1B

    Lower castes on the other hand have only about 10% R marker
    Their main marker at about 40% rate is H

    So being unable to digest milk. they would not have milk in their diet

    By Ramesh Hariharan on   Tuesday, February 09, 2010

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    i find that many of ur comments factually & historically incorrect.
    dont take it in bad taste . its just my opinion on ur comments

    By iyer on   Tuesday, February 09, 2010

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    Hi Iyer, thank you for your valuable insight. I am happy to hear other views. Yes, it is true we all experience life differently and understand facts/situations differently. Even two people who experience the same event will remember it differently.

    I am again always happy to hear other views, thoughts, opinions, expressions, including yours!

    Thank you for spending time on my website.

    By admin on   Tuesday, February 09, 2010

    Re: Vegetarianism: Non-violence as Daily Practice

    This article is good except very foolish reference which states that originally India was vegetarian,but the arrival of Vedic people or Aryans and Muslims made India so much of non-Vegetarians.
    Hear I like to point out the historical foolishness and travesty of fact.
    As per recent discovery of dried Saraswathi river and other archeological discoveries outside India like Arkaim in Russia,Aryans invasion theory proved to be great fake story and fraud which is only imposed on India by mischievous egoistic elements of the West.
    Dried Saraswathi discovery pushed the Age of Rigveda to 6000BC or still before.Russian archeology proved that Aryans came from East to East and not from West to East as previously thought.
    On the contrary,modern discoveries proves that Aryans only migrated from ancient India to other places and Europe via Iran and Armenia.
    Now,Harappan surely,proved to be Vedic culture,because,Harappan civilization simply Saraswathi civilization. All Harappan excavation sites more than 80 percent lie on the paleochannels of dried Saraswathi river.
    Now,experts calling Harappan civilization as Indus-Saraswathi civilization.
    More over, modern genetics proved the peninsular origin of Dravidians besides proving the presence of R1a people or Aryans around 40,000 years in India.
    Not only that, Sumerian and Egyptian civilization were found by the Re or Raghu or Solar dynasty kings of ancient India.
    Egyptian founder king Menes was from India only.There are references in the Solar dynasty complete list which is given by Sanskrit text called Raghu Vamsa..
    All Egyptians ancient statues and pictures available for us exactly look like Indians which also confirm the above references.
    In this modern light,the author of the article simply saying that Aryans as outside invaders par with Muslims who appear very recently is so much foolish and misleading.
    I honestly to believe,this kind fake details of the past should not be repeated anywhere.It is very much applicable to the worthy sites like this.
    This is my sincere request.

    By Ganesh Sharma on   Sunday, January 08, 2012

    Vallalar

    Mercy / Compassion

    Those who got human birth in this world should understand and obtain the benefit for the soul which is attainable through this birth, while there is still time.


    To understand what is meant by the benefit for the soul: One should understand truly that the benefit for the soul is to live the unique great life at all times, at all places and in all ways without any sort of hindrance, obtaining the Absolute Natural Bliss of God, who by His Power of Grace has made all the universes, all the worlds, all the things, all the living beings, all the ways of living and all the uses manifest and exist and enlighten them.


    To know, by which to attain that great life, where one lives without any obstacle obtaining the Natural Bliss: It should be known that it can be obtained only by Grace which is God's Natural Manifestation.


    To know, how to obtain Grace which is God's Natural Manifestation: It should be known positively that God's Grace can be obtained only by leading a life of compassion towards all living beings and that not even a little of it can be obtained by any other means,


    How is it that God's Grace can be obtained only by leading a life of compassion towards all living beings and not by any other means?.


    Grace is God's Mercy, God's Natural Manifestation, compassion means living beings' sympathy or their souls' natural manifestation. Therefore it is certain that by sympathy we can get mercy and by manifestation get manifestation. It is the experience that it cannot be obtained by any other thing; therefore Grace can be obtained only by being compassionate to other living beings and not by any other thing. It should be understood that no other proof is necessary for this.


    As compassion to living beings is the only way to obtain Grace, it will be known that the way of knowledge and the virtuous path of leading the life of compassion towards all beings and that the way of nescience or the path of vice is leading the life without compassion towards living beings. When compassion to living beings manifests, knowledge and love will blossom along with it; therefore helping power manifests; because of that helping power all good benefits will appear, when compassion to living beings disappear, knowledge and love will disappear immediately, therefore helping power will disappear, and when it disappears all evils will appear. Therefore it is understood that virtue is nothing but showing compassion to living beings and vice means to be without compassion to living beings.


    It should be known as the sworn truth, that the enlightenment coming out of leading a life of compassion towards living beings is the Enlightenment of God and the bliss coming out of leading a life of compassion towards living beings is the Divine Bliss, and the liberated ones while they are still living are only those who have attained their goal, having seen and enjoyed this Manifestation and Bliss for a long time and are thus fulfilled, and then only they will know God by knowledge and will become God himself.


    But, what is meant by leading a life of compassion towards all living beings:

    It is to live, worshipping God, by the melting of the soul of living beings, towards other living beings.


    When will the melting of the soul towards other beings occur:

    It should be known that the melting of the soul will occur when one sees, hears or comes to know of the suffering of living beings due to hunger thirst, disease, desire, poverty, fear and the suffering when being killed.


    What is the right to have compassion towards other living beings:

    All living beings are created by the Almighty God as part and parcel of the Natural Truth and are of the same quality; so they are all brothers with the same right. The melting of the soul that occurs, when one of the brothers sees another suffering or knows that he is going to suffer due to some peril and the former recognises the latter as his brother, it is called the age old spiritual right.


    Some people, even on seeing other living beings suffer, do not have compassion towards them and are hard-hearted; there is no fraternal right to these people, because: Their eye called spiritual knowledge has become very dim because of the tuberculosis called nescience; moreover mind etc., which are the spectacles serving as auxiliary eyes to be of help had become thick and had lost their lustre blocking the light to pass through them; so they are unable to see and recognise. Therefore it should be understood that though there was the fraternal right, compassion to living beings did not arise. From this it is learn that those who have compassion towards other living beings have enlightened spiritual vision or perception.


    The sufferings of the living beings due to hunger thirst, fear etc., are the experiences of the subtle inner instruments (karanam) and the sense organs and the working organs (indriyam); they are not the experiences of the soul. So there is no special benefit in being compassionate to living beings on such grounds?


    In this material body apart from the life force which is the soul and God's Natural Manifestation which is the knowledge of the knowledge, the subtle inner instruments the sense organs and the working organs are mere tools which are inert and do not have consciousness. Therefore the inert things do not know to experience pleasure and pain. It cannot be said that the mind was happy or sad. Just as we build a house with red soil for the bodily living, the body is a small house built by God with the subtle inner instruments and the sense organs and working organs like mind etc., for the life force or soul to live in. The in-dweller only experiences pleasure and pain and not the house. Moreover only the eyes whose vision has become dim due to tuberculosis and sees through the auxiliary eyes called spectacles on seeing suffering shed tears; the spectacles cannot shed tears. Therefore it should be understood that the instruments like mind etc., which serve as spectacles to the spiritual vision cannot experience pleasure and pain; only the soul can experience them.


    When something giving pleasure happens to a living being, the mind is glad; when something giving pain happens, the mind slackens. So, is it understood that the mind experiences pleasure and pain: No, it is not so. Just as the healthy condition or the tired condition of the body of a person living in a crystal house is seen through the crystal and the fresh or tired condition of the eyes is seen through the spectacles worn on them, the happiness or unhappiness of the soul owing to the pleasure and pain it experiences is reflected through the subtle inner instruments, sense and working organs like mind etc., and is visible outside. Therefore it should be understood that pleasure and pain are the experiences of the soul only; the subtle inner instruments and the sense organs and the working organs are mere helping accessories to the soul for it to know and enjoy pleasure and pain.


    Why is it that many living beings created by God suffer a lot due to hunger, thirst fear etc: As these living beings in the previous body did not like to lead a life of compassion towards all living beings and had chosen the path of vice as they were hard-hearted, they suffer a lot due to hunger thirst, fear etc., as per the Gracious order laid down by God.


    Did living beings have previous bodies?


    This is how we understand there was previous body: It is known that a family man who has come to a house to run the family by paying the rent, should have run his family before in another house by paying the rent, or else he couldn't have run a family without a house, if any trouble occurs in the present house too he would rent another house. Similarly, it should be understood beyond doubt that a living being who has come to lie in this body by paying food as rent should have lived in another body previously having paid the same sort of rent or else he could not have existed and that if any trouble occurs in this body too, he would occupy another body. Therefore it should be known that living beings had bodies previously and will have bodies in future too.


    The sinful deeds committed by the living beings in their previous bodies will follow in this body also. It is explained as follows: If a family man ignoring the orders of the house owner, had invited people with bad reputation to the house where he lived and had entertained them, those bad reputed people, even when that family man leaves that old house and occupies another one will follow him to this house too and will give company to him. Similarly when a living being, ignoring God's commandments, had committed sins willingly in the body he had occupied before, those sins, even when he takes a new body will follow him to this body also to be with him.


    If it is God's Omnigracious ordinance to make those living beings, who in their previous births had left the path of showing compassion to living beings and had followed the sinful path, suffer from hunger thirst, fear etc, will it not be going against God's Omnigracious law to have compassion towards those living beings and give food etc., to them to give them relief?


    No. The king through his servants feeds even the worst criminals in prison, with their feet shackled, who have disobeyed his law and order; similarly, God feeds the sinners in the hell bandaged in various ways, who have transgressed his commandments utterly, through his subordinate deities. The king dismisses from his service ordinary offenders who have disobeyed him and banishes them from his country to inculcate proper sense in them, As they have lost their jobs, losing the luxuries like good food etc., they roam about the outskirts of the city in search of food etc., and suffer; then compassionate people on seeing them give them food etc. When the king hears about this or sees this, he becomes happy and applauds the givers as good and compassionate family men. Similarly, God withholds by His omnipotent power all the earthly luxurious enjoyments to be enjoyed by the beings, who have committed ordinary crimes by disobeying His commandment and to instil good sense into them, removes them from their present bodies and embodies them in other bodies. As the beings have lost all their physical comforts and worldly enjoyments, they are bereft of good food and they wander from place to place in search of it and suffer. If merciful people, on seeing their suffering, give them food, God will be happy only, saying they are merciful and will bless them to prosper more and more; he will not be angry. Therefore, it should be understood, beyond doubt, that the omnigracious law of God approves beings to show compassion to other beings. By this compassion to the living beings worldly discipline exists. It is explained thus:


    In the absense of compassion to living beings knowledge and love will not appear. When they are not present proper vision, unity and helping tendency will not emerge; when they do not exist the discipline of the weaker living beings will be routed out by the obstruction caused by the envy of the stronger living beings. Ultimately even the discipline of the stronger living beings will become lethargic and spoiled; when filled with arrogance, the conduct of one will be changed and destroyed by that of others. In the forest where animals without any compassion like the tiger and the lion dwell, the worldly discipline does not exist at all. Similarly the worldly discipline will not exist in the place where people without compassion live; this should be understood. Even, heavenly discipline exists because of compassion to living beings, but for it the heavenly discipline too will not exist. When there is no compassion to living beings, grace will not blossom, when grace does not blossom, the divine state cannot be attained, when it is not attained none will enjoy the bliss of salvation, when it is not attained heavenly discipline will not exist at all.


    As the path of compassion is not followed in a widespread way, beings who follow the path of vice only increase and despicable modes of life only prevails everywhere. This is how it happens:


    The hard-hearted people who did not have compassion to beings according to their hard-hearted deeds have taken birth, some as dwellers of hell, some as the inhabitants of ocean, some as inhabitants of forest, some as wild animals like tiger, bear, lion, yali, elephant, wild-oxen, goat, pig, dog, cat etc., some as poisonous creatures like snake, scorpion etc., some as the hard creatures rather vicious creatures like crocodile, shark etc., some as impure plants like strychnine tree, milkhedge etc.


    Showing compassion to beings is not only an important aid to obtain God's Grace but also is the partial manifestation of that Grace; this should be understood; showing compassion to beings is the natural manifestation of the souls, so for the beings who do not have that natural manifestation God's manifestation will not express itself inside and outside those beings.


    The primary aim of showing compassion to living beings is as follows:


    All the souls are part and parcel of the Natural Truth, they are the integral rightful place for the Grace, which is Nature's manifestation to express itself as the knowledge of knowledge, only bodies made up of elements, are the rightful places for the souls to become beings and evolve, if the souls do not become beings in that body and evolve spiritual manifestation will be veiled, therefore, Grace will not manifest, then nescience will prevail and that itself will become the bondage for the souls, therefore it is absolutely necessary to have bodies made up of elements. As the primary cause for the bodies made up of the elements is Maya or the Primordial element by its illusion like hunger, thirst, disease, desire, poverty, fear and the pain caused when killed, dangers may occur often to the bodies, beings are given enough ability and freedom by the Grace of God to try with the utmost caution to avert those dangers with their intellect aided by their subtle inner instruments and sense organs and working organs with the aid of that freedom all the beings removing the dangers facing their bodies, should try to obtain spiritual benefit, in the case of the beings who are unable to get rid of the dangers caused by hunger, thirst, disease, desire, poverty, fear and pain caused when killed, because of destiny and negligence, the beings who have the necessary freedom to remove them, should out of compassion eradicate them. While alleviating in this manner the suffering caused by hunger and the suffering caused while being killed excluding, when the other sufferings are relieved, the compassion shown is repetition of the lower grade of compassion and so it will pavete the way only a little amount of worldly pleasure, the compassion shown while alleviating the suffering caused by hunger and the suffering caused when being killed is called the superior grade of compassion; therefore, worldly pleasures, unlimited pleasures due to the supernatural powers are gained and the eternal bliss of liberation will be attained by Grace of God. God has ordained in the scriptures (Vedas) that those who have failed to alleviate the dangers facing other beings though they have got sufficient freedom and intellect to do so and have thus cheated them will not attain by (God's) grace the freedom to enjoy the pleasures of this world and the bliss of liberation and they will also lose the freedom of enjoying the worldly luxuries which they are enjoying at present; those who have the necessary intellect and freedom to give relief to the beings who do not have sufficient intellect and freedom to avert the danger caused by hunger and the danger of being killed because of destiny and carelessness should do so sincerely without deceiving them, out of sympathy. It should be understood that this is the main aim of showing compassion to beings.


    In the path of showing compassion to beings there are thus two kinds of compassion namely the inferior kind of compassion and the superior kind of compassion. Of these, alleviating the hunger and saving from being killed is called the superior kind of compassion, therefore it is denoted with special importance. Moreover those who have enough sympathy to remove the hunger of the beings who suffer from hunger, will not refrain from giving water to them to quench their thirst. Giving water does not involve any effort. Water is found in lake, pond, canal etc. Only a small amount of danger will be caused by thirst which can be removed easily, but no great damage will occur to the body by it; by hunger irretrievable damage will be caused to the body. Those who have enough sympathy to alleviate the suffering due to hunger will definitely have sympathy enough to remove the suffering due to disease. As hunger intensifies, diseases increase. The diseases are cured only by correct diet. Though other medicines are given for the diseases, proper diet is essential for the sustenance of the body. A body can be maintained with disease for a long time, but it cannot be sustained even for a single day without food. Those who have enough sympathy to satisfy the hunger persons with food will definitely have sympathy enough to remove the sufferings due to desire. If beings have real hunger they would desire nothing but food. Those who have satisfied their hunger by taking food when it is available can fulfill their desire with a little effort; or they can console themselves, body can be sustained with desire for many days; but with hunger it cannot be sustained even for a single day. Those who have enough sympathy to alleviate the hunger of the hungry beings with food will definitely have enough sympathy to remove the poverty of those who do not have the freedom to do so. There is no poverty worse than that of suffering due to the pangs of hunger. Poverty can be got over after some days; but hunger cannot be got over in the same way; body can be sustained with poverty but not with hunger. Those who have enough sympathy to alleviate hunger will definitely have sympathy enough remove fear. Therefore the prime goal of showing compassion to beings is to alleviate the suffering due to hunger and the suffering when being killed; this should be understood.


    Though the main goal of showing compassion to beings is to alleviate the suffering due to hunger and the suffering when being killed, getting rid of the suffering due to hunger alone is stressed here often because:


    When one, on learning that a being is going to be killed, saves the being's life by removing its hunger out of compassion, will not keep quiet if the being suffers when being killed by some other means, but will definitely alleviate that fear out of pity. Those who do not remove the suffering when being killed will not have enough sympathy to remove even the suffering due to hunger. The killing due to hunger will not be alleviated by any other means than food, the killing occurring due to enmity etc., can be averted by many means, hence, it should be understood that the suffering when being killed is taken as being included in the suffering due to hunger and is stressed often.


    Moreover, the persons suffering from thirst, disease, desire, poverty and fear forgetting all those sufferings when gripped by the pangs of hunger, go in search of food. Even the criminal, sentenced to death by the orders of the king on the charge of murder, when he becomes hungry, forgets his fear and trouble and tries to get rid of his hunger. The patients and the old people who are informed by the doctor that they are sure to die, when they become hungry, forgetting their trouble try to pacify their hunger. One who has decided to give food for hunger out of sympathy will never consent for the beings to be forced to suffer and be destroyed by some other means; that is why stress is given often to alleviate the suffering due to the pangs of hunger - this should be understood.


    If it is true that harm caused by hunger destroys the bodies of all the beings, the hunger of all the beings should be understood and alleviated; if one begins to appease the hunger in that manner, will it not be impossible to alleviate the hunger of all the seven classes of beings created by God namely 1. Divine or celestial beings, 2. Human beings, 3. Dwellers of hell, 4. Animals, 5. Birds 6. Reptiles and 7. Plants?


    The celestial beings having more freedom than the humans who have enough ability to alleviate their hunger by their own efforts; so others need not worry about their hunger; but it is necessary that they should sympathize with the divine beings, thinking that they too would suffer when they are hungry; the dwellers of hell are in some other places beyond our reach where we cannot appease their hunger and their hunger are appeased by the punishing authorities and so we need not worry about their hunger but we should have sympathy for them thinking they too would suffer if they became hungry - only this is necessary; among the plants like trees and grass which do not have even a little freedom, man should water the plant-species, which they have made to grow with their effort so that they will be useful for their living, to appease their hunger; as the other species of plants are alive as they are fed by the omnigracious law, it is not our freedom to feed them understanding their hunger, but God's freedom; so it is not necessary to think about them; but we should have sympathy for them thinking they too would suffer for want of food; for the lives that crawl on land and water - the reptiles, birds and animals - food is being given by the omnigracious law according to their destiny; they eat the food and appease their hunger; it is not our freedom but God’s to know the correct type of food for those species and give them; but amongst those species, the animals like cow, ox, he-buffalo, goat and horse which are reaved by people with their freedom to be of use to their living must be given food to appease their hunger and this is absolutely necessary; in the case of the human beings the losses and sufferings that are accrued by both the males and the females due to hunger, and the benefits and pleasures when it is satisfied are similar and common; the intuition - the souls intelligence - which understands the losses and sufferings due to hunger through the capacity of the inner instrument like mind etc., and through the sense organs like eye etc, is similar to both; the food provided by the omnigracious law according to their destiny alone is not sufficient to the human beings to keep the body alive, they have to subsist also on the food got by their efforts, intellect and freedom - called "Aakamiya" food is the food earned, the freedom of the soul to earn through effort is given on a large scale to the human beings by the Grace of God; it is ordained by the Omnigracious law that human beings should not get food because of destiny and should suffer from hunger; to alleviate that hunger mutual help should be expected from one another, the other person should give food out of sympathy and appease the hunger and to guide him to put forth good efforts and that person who provided the food should get supernatural powers and liberation; the human body cannot be obtained as easily as the bodies of the other beings; in the human body the soul's manifestation and the manifestation of Grace get expressed to a great extent; it is not certain whether another human body can be obtained again, if this human body goes away; this human body has been obtained only to attain the eternal Bliss of Salvation; only this human body was created by the approval of God with super intellect since the very first creation; therefore it should be understood that God has ordained that only the human beings should with steadfastness abide by the law of showing compassion to living beings by appeasing the hunger.


    How is it that while the food provided by the Onmigracious law alone according to their destiny is enough for the beings like animals, birds etc., to the human beings alone, in addition to the food provided by the Omnigracious law according to their destiny, food obtained by their own efforts is also necessary - this is because:


    God has ordained that the human beings by taking the food made available by the Omnigracious law according to their destiny should get over the experience of the past karmas by taking the food obtained by their own efforts, should strengthen their bodies with inner instruments and organs and by adapting the practice of the virtuous path - should enjoy the bliss of supernatural powers and salvation, therefore it should be understood that food provided according to their destiny and also the food earned by their own efforts are necessary to the human beings. The bodies of the beings like animal, bird, reptiles and plant are the bodies ordained as punishment; so, it should be understood that food according to their destiny would be provided to them without any break by the Onmigracious power and so they need not earn food with effort.


    But it was pointed out first that showing compassion to beings is common to all beings, because:


    By living in the path of compassion to all living beings, mainly all the human beings should be relieved of their suffering from hunger in general and the joy of satisfaction should be created in them; suppose the killing of a being is about to happen by a method similar to that of hunger it should be averted as far as possible by all means and giving life to it, it should be made happy; if the beings happen to suffer due to some other reasons like disease fear etc., the beings should be relieved of them if it is within their means; regarding beings like animal, bird, reptile, vegetation etc., the sufferings due to fear and being killed should be averted by all means, among them regarding wild and ferocious beings we should never cause suffering to them due to killing them; but causing a little suffering due to fear is allowed; it should be understood that as all these varieties are showing compassion to beings only it has been ordained by God that one should have compassion for all lives.


    Amongst the beings earned by men to assist and help them in their living, if some of them consume meat the tamasic or evil-natured food, when appeasing their hunger can they be given that sort of food and their hunger appeased? The explanation is to kill a being to appease the hunger of another being with meat is not at all following the policy of showing compassion to living beings and it doesn't have the approval of God and is completely against these; all living beings are part and parcel of the Natural truth and are the place for the manifestation of Grace which is God's Natural Manifestation; when God's Natural Manifestation gets veiled, life nature will not be there, God's natural manifestation and life's natural manifestation are not contrary to each other; God’s natural manifestation and life's manifestation reveal themselves in each and everybody; therefore, it should be understood that to kill a being to appease the hunger of another being is fully against the policy of showing compassion to all living beings.


    Animals like tiger and lion kill and eat another being, appeasing their hunger with the tamasic food (evil or dark-natured food) and enjoy the bliss of satisfaction; can we take that, that joy represents a portion of God's Natural Manifestation and life's natural manifestation in full? No.


    As darkness cannot reveal light, tamasic or dark-natured of God's natural manifestation which is perfect reality and soul's natural manifestation is a portion of the perfect reality. This sort of food is called tamasic food, because as this food which is obtained by tortueevrils the soul's manifestation which prevents God's manifestation from revealing itself. This manifestation is manifestation of joy which is the bliss of satisfaction when this food is consumed?. It should be understood that it is the manifestation of the beginningless illusion of the 'Pasu' or the ignorant souls bound by their inner instruments. What is called Pasu the ignorant soul? The soul which has lost its knowledge due to the triple bond of impurities namely egoism, illusion and the effect of its past deeds is called ‘Pasu’ or The ignorant soul - this should be understood. This is how the Pasu or the ignorant soul gets manifestation. The brightness of the sun's light appears in the darkness of the clouds which veils the sun, so even that darkness gets manifested rather that darkness too is enlightened similarly, even though the impure illusory inner instruments and the tamasic (or ignorant) nature are dark-natured, they too get enlightened by the Superior Being's (God's) effulgence which they veil. From this we should understand that the manifestation due to Tamasic food is the manifestation of the impure illusion - veiled inner instruments only.


    But it is said that if vegetations like tree, grass, paddy etc., are considered as having life; if we inflict pain upon them and consume them as food, are they not tamasic food and the joy coming out of it is the joy of the impure mind and the inner instruments?


    The answer is: The vegetations like tree, grass, paddy etc., are also beings with life. If pain is inflicted upon them and they are consumed as food, it is indeed partially tamasic food. The happiness coming out of consuming that food too is the happiness of the impure inner instruments only. But it is not so. The beings like tree, grass, paddy etc., have only one sense-knowledge - that of being touched only; in that body, life's manifestation shines only partially; the seeds where their lives appear are inert; like the other seeds, we can sow the seeds ourselves and make them get life, without removing their lives, we take as food only the seeds, vegetables, fruits, flowers, tubers and leaves which are inert and are the cause for the life to appear and which have appeared on the living vegetations; we do not take as food the principals

    with life; when we take from them vegetables, fruit etc., there will not be any pain, just as the cutting off the nails and hair, and the emission of semen do not cause any pain; moreover the vegetations do not have any inner instruments like mind etc., which are working always; therefore it cannot be said as killing life and moreover it does not cause any pain too; therefore it is not against the policy of showing compassion to living beings; and it should be understood that the happiness coming out of taking such food is only the manifestation of God along with the manifestation of life.


    The seeds which manifest in the vegetations are said to be inert matter which allows life to enter unto it at a later stage; it is like this: If seeds have life they should grow even before they are sown in the land; even after they are sown in the land, some seeds do not grow. Moreover the seed is the cause; it is known even by young children that this cause is for the appearance of the body only. Life is eternal is immortal; body is mortal. The life which is eternal does not need any cause; only the mortal body needs a cause. Therefore it should be understood that seeds are mere inert matter only. It so, how does the soul enter the body? It is like this: If the seeds are sown in the soil and watered, according to omnigracious law, the souls will get atom-sized bodies through that water, get into the soil, mingle with the processing energy of the soil and get into the seeds. This should be understood.


    Some say that sprouts should not be plucked out at all; then how can it be said that seed, vegetable, leaf etc., can be eaten: After the seed settles into the soil, the soul through which water goes there, mingles with the processing energy of the soil and enters the seed sprouts. Therefore sprout is not an inert matter like seed, vegetable etc. Therefore it is true that sprouts should not be plucked out.


    If it is asked that even though there is no killing of life involved in consuming seed, vegetable, fruit etc., is there not the impurity in them as that found in nail, hair, semen etc This is the answer: There is no impurity in them as there is no development of senses or life energy in them.


    Therefore consuming the seed, vegetable, fruit, leaflets, of the tree, grass, paddy etc., is not against showing compassion to beings.


    If one wants to know whether the non-vegetarian food like meat is the ordained food for the wild animals like tiger etc:


    It is not the ordained food for those lives; it has become their food by hereditary habit only. Therefore it is possible to avert that food and make them take the vegetarian food which is sathvic or pure; a virtuous man guards the cat and dog brought up by them from straying out, and taking impure food and trains them even from the early days to take to the habit of consuming only pure food; they too live on that food only. It should be understood that as there is no one to train the wild animals like tiger, lion etc., to take to only pure food, they consume impure food only by habit


    While abiding by this practice of showing compassion to living beings the bliss, obtained is of two kinds, namely the interior kind of bliss pertaining to this world and the superior kind of bliss or the Divine Bliss.


    The bliss that arises on relieving the sufferings regarding desire etc., is called the lower grade of compassion. It should be known that they are some of the pleasures enjoyed in this worldly life. They are: When compassion to the beings who suffer without clothes to wear, without places to reside, without lands to till, without (woman) a wife for coition, without money or other aid similar to it to do as one pleases and when clothes are given to wear, place is given to reside, land is given woman is given for coition and money or similar aids given to fulfill their desires, then the bliss that manifests on the face of those who have received from deep down their being manifests on the faces of those who have given, on seeing the above bliss appear partially in God's suitable instruments and fully in the being's suitable instruments.


    If a person, on finding that the clothes he wears are of inferior quality and the clothes worn by the other person is of superior quality, desires for those clothes, feels sad and suffers, should we not show compassion to him: The answer is this: The bliss which arises on relieving the suffering due to hunger is called the divinely bliss or the superior kind of bliss. This consists of the enjoyment of all the worldly pleasures enjoyment of the powers of yoga and enjoyment of the powers of knowledge in this birth itself and also the bliss of enjoyment of liberation in the end. When food is offered to beings fatigued by hunger, out of compassion to those beings, they eat that food and have their hunger appeased. At that moment bliss will manifest on their inner being and face and will overflow. On seeing that bliss those who have given food also will have bliss manifested on their inner being and face in the same manner, as both the blisses appear fully in God's instrument including the soul; they are Divine Bliss - this should be understood.


    Those who don't have clothes, place, land, woman, money etc., and therefore suffer can bear those sufferings with their will power, can sustain their lives and put forth efforts as much as they can. When the suffering is due to hunger one should not tolerate that suffering (rather bear that suffering) with will power. If one tries to bear it one would lose his life. When people suffer from hunger, parents will sell their children, the children will sell their parents, the husband will sell the wife, the wife will sell the husband; to find remedy for their suffering caused by hunger they will decide to go to this extreme. If that is so, it need not be said that they would sell their house, cattle, land, possessions etc., which are not so dear to them, to appease their hunger. Even an emperor who rules over the whole world, when affected by hunger will set aside his powerful status and will complain to the ministers nearby, in humble words, “I am hungry, what shall I do?” Even great warriors who are capable of holding the arrows which have pierced their chests, shot by the enemy, with one hand and conquering all the enemies who charge them, in a minute, when they feel hungry will complain to those standing nearby, "I will be tired! How can I fight!" Even sages who know the true knowledge and are enjoying it by experience, hating and renouncing all the pleasures of this world and of the celestial world too (Iandraloka) treating them as fresh and even Yogis who have annulled their mind by controlling their organs of perception and are in deep meditation (True Nishtai) always, even Siddhas with unlimited supernatural powers who are capable of even reviving the dead when hunger faces them, leaving off their experience-oriented goals move to the next town in search of food. Men of austerities (Munis) and Men who are always doing penance (Tapasvis) too when faced by hunger, leave off their experience oriented goal and move to the next town in search of food; when they don't get it they are all perturbed to the core. The sensitive honourable people, who will give up their lives, when some dishonourable thing happens to them even in their dreams, when hunger faces them, will lose their self-respect, by expressing their distress to unworthy people. Even the religious heads (Acharyas) who observe the strict discipline of their respective caste and religion, when hunger faces them expect food, forgetting their strict discipline. Even the great masters of education who have acquired vast knowledge by learning and listerning, who know all the intricate things which are difficult to understand who are capable of doing very great deeds which are difficult to do, when hunger faces them, lose their intelligence and cognition and become confused. Having no discrimination between day and night the lustful persons who indulge in the pleasure of sexual union, when hunger faces them, forgetting coitlion and getting disgusted with pust get perturbed. Even the egoists who are very proud, being under the impression that they are very great and none is greater than them, when hunger faces them, lose their ego and praise those who offer them food as very great people. Even the vain people who entertain on certain occasions in various lavish ways, when hunger faces them, lose their vanity and are bewildered. When all these people become like this when hunger faces them, how much will poor people, who have no sort of support, suffer when hunger faces them! At that time if those poor people are provided with food, how happy will they be! How much benefit will those, who created that happiness get! It should be understood that it cannot be described by words.


    At the time when hunger increases, the enlightenment of the knowledge of the being gets bewildered. God's manifestation, which is the knowledge of knowledge, gets veiled - when it is veiled the principle of the soul gets tired - when it gets tired the primordial nature gets dimmed - when it gets dimmed qualities get changed - mind gets confused and shattered - the intellect gets spoiled - the deciding-power (chitham) gets confused - the ego gets destroyed - the life-force whirls the elements are subjected to sultriness - the air, and the phlegm in the body get perturbed in their states - eyes become dim and sink into the sockets - the ears become deaf with a humming sound - the tongue becomes dry and parched - the nose becomes soft and scorched - the skin becomes thin and loses its sensitivity - the arms and the legs become tired and hang loose - the speech changes in tone and falters - the teeth get loosened the anus and the urethra get burnt by heat - the body gets scorched - the hair gets stiff and disarrayed - the nerves lose their stiffness and get worn out - the blood vessels lose their tension and become soft - the bones get scorched and the joints get loosened - the heart burns as if being cooked - the brain shrinks - the semen becomes hot and gets dried - the liver gets reduced in size - the blood and the fluids lose their water content - the flash becomes flabby and loses its nature - the stomach burns afflictions and troubles go on increasing - symptoms and experiences which occur when one is about to lose one’s life go on taking place. All these troubles are common to all the living beings due to hunger.


    All these sufferings get removed when they get food and partake it. Then the structural principles flourish well, the mind cools the intellect shines and the glow of lustre of the inner-being and that of God fully manifest both on the soul and on the face and a unique joy of satisfaction in created. Which virtue can be said to be equal to this virtue which creates this kind of bliss? To which God can we equate these virtuous persons who do this virtuous deed? It should be understood as truth, that their nature is that of the supreme God only, who is above all the gods. From this it is learnt that pangs of hunger is the sum total of the sufferings of all, pangs of birth and pangs of death and that the bliss of satisfaction obtained by food is the bliss of liberation only, which pervades all the places inside, outside, middle, below, above and all the sides and has no change at any time.


    If there is no hunger, the living beings will not expect the help of one another regarding food; when there is no expectation, the act of helping will not happen; when it does not occur compassion in beings will not manifest, when it does not manifest God's Grace cannot be obtained. Therefore it should be understood that hunger too is a helping instrument given by God.


    If the happiness of those who are afflicted by hunger when they see food will not be got by them even when they see their mother, father, wife, child, field, land, gold and jewels, what will be the nature of the happiness that manifests when food is taken? Therefore it should be understood that the natural form, visible form and attributes of this food are part and parcel of the natural form, visible form and attributes of the Grace of God.


    When the fire of hunger is burning within the bodies of the poor, to extinguish it by food alone is known as showing compassion to living beings - when the poisonous wind called hunger is about to blow out the lamp of knowledge of the poor, to provide them with food and prevent the lamp from being put out and light it alone is known as showing compassion to the living beings; when the bodies of the living beings, the temples where God's Natural Manifestation takes place, are about to be destroyed by hunger, to provide food at that time and make them flourish is known as showing compassion to the living beings; when the whole family of the structural and psychic principles of the beings which dwell in the bodies to attain Divine Bliss get confused in their states and are about to be destroyed by hunger, to give food and establish the whole family is called showing compassion to the living beings; when the tiger called hunger is about to pounce upon the poor and kill their lives, to kill that tiger and save those lives alone is called showing compassion to the living beings. When the poison called hunger goes up to the head and the living beings are about to swoon, to bring down the poison by food and revive them from the swoon alone is known as showing compassion to living beings; when the cruel scorpion called hunger gets into the stomach and stings and the stinging pain rises and the poor beings know not what to do, at that moment to remove the stinging pain with food and clear their confusion alone is known as showing compassion to the living beings - only removing the anxiety of the poor human beings who are worried thinking, "O, the sinner called hunger which had half-killed us and eaten us throughout yesterday and night will come again even to-day. What can we do for this"-is known as showing compassion to the living beings"; only removing the perplexity of the poor beings, who are perplexed like the fly which has fallen into honey, saying, "O, the sun is going up, now the affliction called hunger will come upon us! What can we do for this event of fate?" is known as showing compassion to beings; when the poor beings immersed in sorrow are worrying like this, "O, it is getting dark, now where will we go for food.? Whom shall we ask? What shall we do?" - to dispel that sorrow alone is called showing compassion to the living beings; to wipe off the tears alone of the poor people who are shedding tears saying, "Legs have become tired by going on walking and walking, mouth has become tired by going on asking and asking, mind has become tired by going on thinking and thinking, now What shall we do for this wretched stomach?" By giving food to them is called showing compassion is the living beings; to save the self-respect alone of the self-respecting persons with minds and faces tired, who resemble the dumb person who had a foreboding dream, and are tongue-tied unable to express their suffering openly but lament in silence, “The day too has gone, hunger tortures, shyness prevents from going to other places, self-respect pains to ask openly, stomach burns, no means is known to give up the life; why have I taken this body!” Giving them food is called showing compassion to the living beings - to give food to the poor beings to relieve their sorrow and help them to get sleep, when they are sleepless, arguing within themselves, "Had we in our previous birth sensing the hunger of hungry people alleviated their hunger, in this birth someone would have come forward to appease our hunger sensing that "that time we didn't do so; hence there is no one to do so now", is alone called as showing compassion to living beings - to appease the hunger of the wise men with discriminating power who even when they become so hungry are emaciated with all the nerves visible all over the body, and their life energy shrunk and do not have the courage to ask other people for food but think only of God again and again and lie down to sleep with the cruel fire of hunger deep down their stomach, resembling the people who begging sleep lying on a fire - is alone called showing compassion to the living beings - "How to starve even to-day like yesterday? Though we dare to go without food because of our adolescence what can we do for the stomach of the poor wife? We need not mind much even this lady's hunger, but our aged parents who are already weak because of their age will die if they go without food even to-day! What can we do for this? How can we look at the tired faces of our children who have become weary by crying and crying because of hunger?" - thinking with sorrow like this again and again, with eyes filled with tears, with their hands on their cheeks and with the fire of hunger, fire of fear and the fire of anxiety always aglow in side like the fire in the blacksmiths' furnace is always kept aglow by blowing; some poor people suffer giving food to them and removing their sorrow alone is called showing compassion to beings. To give food to the suffering handicapped poor filled with sorrow who go on thinking again and again, "Here, are people lying helplessly suffering from hunger though they have organs like eye, hand and leg without any defect and have strength enough to earn their food. In what way can we, who are blind, deaf, dumb and are cripped with defects in our limbs get food! How will our hunger go away!" is alone called showing compassion to the beings - To remove the hunger of all the people suffering from hunger - without enquiring and differentiating regarding their country's way of living, religious way of living, castes, way of living, the deed done for living irrespective of the country to which they belong, irrespective of the religion to which they belong irrespective of the caste to which they belong, irrespective of the deed they do knowing that God's manifestation prevailing in all the living beings is common and treating them with equanimity - is alone called showing compassion to the living beings- to remove the hunger of the living beings like animal, bird, reptile, plant etc., when they are hungry, whose hunger can be appeased with satvic food, agreeing with the virtuous way of living is alone called showing compassion to living beings.


    Some people, though they have the knowledge to acquire the necessary worldly pleasures and freedom to appease the hunger, do not acquire that freedom because of their past sinful deeds and negligence and suffer from hunger, by giving food to them to relieve their suffering from hunger one creates the bliss of satisfaction because of compassion to living beings only; by this compassion which is the cause for creating the bliss of satisfaction the door of the Eternal Abode of salvation can be opened as it is the key; on opening the gate of that house of salvation one can enter into it and live as eternally liberated ones. Therefore the house-holders who have earned in time the key to the house of Salvation called compassion, without needing help of any other like mind control, purifying actions, yoga or divine knowledge will reach the house of Bliss which they could not have reached at any time, open the door of the house, enter into it and live there as the eternal liberated ones.


    People practising austerities like going on pilgrimage to holy places, taking bath in holy rivers, living in holy places, paying homage to holy idols, reciting prayers, chanting mantras, practising austerities, performing sacrifices in fire, worshipping idols etc., devotees, rishis, the seers, the yogis who have given up food and sleep, renounced worldly affairs controlled their organs and have annulled their minds, the siddhas who have acquired limitless bliss of supernatural powers and the sages - the wisemen who having understood what is immortal and what is mortal have renounced all attachments and have the experience of Brahman the absolute, unless they have earned the key called compassion to the living beings will climb upto the back or front of the superior abode, wait nearby and will come back again to earn that key. They cannot open and enter that house and dwell there attaining bliss. This should be understood truly; therefore it should also be understood that for people with enlightened knowledge showing compassion to the living beings alone is the worship of God.


    Moreover, the house-holders enjoying worldly pleasures of life - eating and mating and leading the life of compassion towards all beings will be fully entitled to the Grace of the Almighty God. People who go on improving their wisdom, those who do yoga, those who do penance, those who practise austerities, those who chant holy manthras (or words) and those who do meditation without beading a life of compassion towards all living beings will not be entitled at all to God's Grace even to a small extent. They should not be even considered as having the effulgence of soul. It should be understood that all the deeds done without compassion to beings are mere useless jugglery.


    As all living beings are part and parcel of God's Natural Truth and the manifestation of God's Grace expresses itself in each one of them, if the house-holders whose resources are limited, just enough to appease the hunger of their family members only - like their mother, father, children, life-partner etc., either go out to appears the hunger of the strangers leaving the family in lunch to suffer from hunger or begin to feed their family leaving out the strangers who approach them for food to suffer from hunger,

    God's Grace will not approve of these acts. Therefore they should minimise their family expenditures as far as possible and should appease the hunger of both sets of people; the house-holders with meagre means who can pacify the hunger of even their family members with great difficulty should at least pacify the hunger of their family and should have sympathy for the hungry strangers who approach them and take necessary steps to appease their hunger through somebody else, the able and famous house-holders, according to their income appease the hunger of their mother, father, their life-partner, children, assistants, relatives, friends, guests, elderly people, slaves or servants, neighbours, enemies etc; in addition they should appease the hunger of the domestic animals like cow, ox, buffalo, goat, horse etc., which they have earned to be of use to their family and the plants they have grown for the family and create the bliss of satisfaction in all of them, without spending money lavishly on various functions like marriage, child birth, (birth of a child), worship of deities etc., they should even during the functions like marriage, feed the hungry beings and appease their hunger and thus do the great deed of creating the bliss of satisfaction it should be known as a sworn truth that they will get many more times greater happiness than that got by those whose hunger was appeased.


    During special functions like marriage, the house-holders decorate the pandal or shamiana, do many different sorts of ceremonies there, arrange for some novel entertainments like dance, music, procession etc., and provide for some extravagant dainties like appam the sweet pan-cake and varieties of mixed rice and are immersed in the gala pleasures, at that time they will not even care to look at the faces of the hungry poor. During that joyous occasion some calamity happens to them, to their children or to their spouse. Then they lose all their happiness and are immersed in sorrow. When they mourn thus, it is seen that neither the decorated pandal, nor the rituals arranged with or without any intention, nor the novel entertainments like dance, music, orchestra, procession etc., nor the luxurious dishes like appam, varieties of mixed rice etc., can ever prevent the calamity. During that auspicious function, had they given food to the really hungry beings and had appeased their hunger and thus had brought out the divine manifestation and divine bliss on their inner selves and faces, that manifestation and bliss would have at that time removed that danger and would have created the manifestation and bliss definitely. Isn't it? Therefore even during the special occasions like marriage etc., one should according to one's capacity appease the hunger of the hungry people and create the bliss of satisfaction. This is very important. If the house-holders suffering from incurable diseases like gastric ulcer, chronic stomach pain etc., practise appeasing the hunger of the hungry people alone, as an austerity, according to their capacity, that practice of being compassionate to beings alone, will serve as a good medicine and cure their diseases and bestow on them robust health. This is true. If the house - holders who for a long time do not have descendants and so observe many vows filled with sorrow, appease the hunger of the hungry poor according to their limit, practising it as a vow, it is true that, that practise of showing compassion to beings alone, will bestow on them good intelligent decendants. If the house-holders who have understood by some means that their life span is very short and being afraid to die, are filled with sorrow, appease the hunger of the hungry poor, according to their capacity, adopting it as a vow, it is true that, that practise of showing compassion to beings, alone will give them long life. If the house-holders, who are filled with sorrow, for their lack of education, knowledge, wealth and pleasure, observe the policy of feeding the hungry poor in accordance with their capacity, taking it as their only vow, that practise of compassion alone, will provide them with education, knowledge, wealth and pleasure.


    To the house-holders, filled with compassion to all living beings, who appease the hunger of the hungry poor, observing that as their only vow, the heat of the sun in summer will not trouble them by scorching, the hot soil will not turn them - the natural calamities like torrential rain, fierce wind, heavy snow, roaring thunder, great fire etc., will not at all harm them; the epidemic diseases like small-pox, poisonous gas, virus fever etc., will not affect them - those compassionate house-holders will not be perturbed by floods in the river, dacoits and enemies - they will never be dishonoured either by kings or gods - the yields of the fields of the compassionate house-holders will go on increasing without any effort - in their business profit will come without any hindrance - they will get name, fame and promotion in their jobs without any trouble - they will always be surrounded by relatives and servants; wild animals, poisonous creatures, evil ghosts and wicked deities will not cause them fear it is a sworn truth that no danger will occur to them due to carelessness or fate.


    It should be understood that it is God's ordinance, that this supreme vow of appeasing the hunger of the hungry people and thereby creating the bliss of satisfaction in them which is called showing compassion on living beings is to be adopted by all alike - the devas or the celestial beings, the celevates, the house-holders, ascetics, monks, males, females, old, young, and people of high rank and low rank.


    Regarding appeasing the hunger of the hungry, even if the wife prevents the husband, the husband prevents the wife, the father prevents the children, the children prevent the father, the preceptor prevents the disciple, God prevents his devotee and the king prevents his subjects - one should not be perturbed at all by the hindrances and believing truthfully that the effcts of good or bad deeds done by anyone will go back to the doer only and not to any other person, one should carry on with their mission of having compassion on living beings.


    As the minds of the virtuous people, when they just think of feeding the really hungry beings become pure leaving off the other bondages, so it should be known truthfully that those virtuous people are none but yogis. While feeding them as they had wanted, with full heart and courtesy, they enjoy when those people are eating as if they themselves are partaking the food, those virtuous people can be called gnanis or wisemen true to the sense. After having been given food and their hunger appeased, at that moment, God's manifestation fills up the soul inside and outside, below and above, in the middle and in the sides, cooling all the principles like the subtle instruments and nourishing and flourishing the whole body with chillness and blossoms on the face which blossoms with the bliss of satisfaction - which is nothing but the divine satisfaction itself. The virtuous ones who have fed them perceive directly the manifetastion of God and the divine Bliss, therefore it should be understood that they have seen God themselves and that they are the liberated ones enjoying the Diving Bliss.


    It is sworn, having God as witness that the great men who adopt the policy of being compassionate to living beings and relieve the beings from the danger called hunger, to whatever caste or religion they may belong, and whatever deed they may be doing - are so great as to be fit enough to be worshipped by the Devas or the celestials, saints, siddhas and yogis. To know more about this - 'living in the path of showing compassion on living beings', one can go through the veda of equanimity.
    www.vallalar.og

    By Rajan on   Sunday, January 08, 2012

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